If a goalkeeper receives a two-minute suspension he has to leave the field and is replaced by another goalkeeper, usually forcing his team to continue playing with one player less on the field. It has been under discussion for several years whether goalkeepers should be forbidden to step outside the goal area during fast breaks, a rule which has caused a lot of accidents between the goalie and field players.
If both teams have similar performance during a game, the goalkeeper's individual performance can have a huge impact on the outcome of the game. A ratio of 25 percent saves and more is regarded a very good performance with 50 percent saves very rarely being achieved over a time period of thirty minutes. The jumping jack is a typical goalkeeper's defensive movement while trying to save the ball.
When a player's throw hits the goalkeeper's head, for example, from a seven-meter throw, the player will be disqualified rule 8: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. March Learn how and when to remove this template message. Rules of the Game" PDF. High prevalence of elbow problems among goalkeepers in European team handball — 'handball goalie's elbow'.
Scand J Med Sci Sports. Osseous manifestations of 'handball goalie's elbow'. The effect of strength training on 'handball goalie's elbow'--a prospective uncontrolled clinical trial. Is the ulnar nerve damaged in 'handball goalie's elbow'? Direction of the load on the elbow of the ball blocking handball goalie.
Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. Box lacrosse Field lacrosse Ice hockey. Retrieved from " https: Handball terminology Positions team sports Goalkeepers. Use British English from June All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from March Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from March Articles needing additional references from March All articles needing additional references.
Views Read Edit View history. Just take a look to see if we have what you desire! Sign up for our newsletter and stay up-to-date with the latest collection, the latest trends and the best deals!
Biggest online handball supplier in the world Worldwide delivery Call us: Direct Afrekenen Naar winkelwagen. Filter products Gender Kids Men Women. Type of indoorshoe Low-cut. Type of Sweater Training Top. Type of Training Pants Sweatpant. Handball Supplies Handball goalkeeper. Stanno Protection Short Regular Price: Select Goalkeeper Pant with protection Regular Price: Kempa Suspensorium Regular Price: Hummel Basel Keeperset Regular Price: Team representatives must show a green card marked with a black T on the timekeeper's desk.
The timekeeper then immediately interrupts the game by sounding an acoustic signal and stops the time. Before that, it was one per half. For purpose of calling timeouts, overtime and shootouts are extensions of the second half. A handball match is adjudicated by two equal referees. Some national bodies allow games with only a single referee in special cases like illness on short notice. Should the referees disagree on any occasion, a decision is made on mutual agreement during a short timeout; or, in case of punishments, the more severe of the two comes into effect.
The referees are obliged to make their decisions "on the basis of their observations of facts". The referees position themselves in such a way that the team players are confined between them. They stand diagonally aligned so that each can observe one side line. Depending on their positions, one is called field referee and the other goal referee. These positions automatically switch on ball turnover. They physically exchange their positions approximately every 10 minutes long exchange , and change sides every five minutes short exchange.
The IHF defines 18 hand signals for quick visual communication with players and officials. The signal for warning or disqualification is accompanied by a yellow or red card,  respectively. The referees also use whistle blows to indicate infractions or to restart the play. The referees are supported by a scorekeeper and a timekeeper who attend to formal things such as keeping track of goals and suspensions, or starting and stopping the clock, respectively. They also keep an eye on the benches and notify the referees on substitution errors.
Their desk is located between the two substitution areas. Each team consists of seven players on court and seven substitute players on the bench. One player on the court must be the designated goalkeeper, differing in his clothing from the rest of the field players. Substitution of players can be done in any number and at any time during game play. An exchange takes place over the substitution line.
A prior notification of the referees is not necessary. Some national bodies, such as the Deutsche Handball Bund DHB, "German Handball Federation" , allow substitution in junior teams only when in ball possession or during timeouts. This restriction is intended to prevent early specialization of players to offence or defence. Field players are allowed to touch the ball with any part of their bodies above and including the knee.
As in several other team sports, a distinction is made between catching and dribbling. A player who is in possession of the ball may stand stationary for only three seconds, and may take only three steps.
They must then either shoot, pass, or dribble the ball. Taking more than three steps at any time is considered travelling, and results in a turnover. A player may dribble as many times as they want though, since passing is faster, it is the preferred method of attack , as long as during each dribble the hand contacts only the top of the ball. Therefore, carrying is completely prohibited, and results in a turnover.
After the dribble is picked up, the player has the right to another three seconds or three steps. The ball must then be passed or shot, as further holding or dribbling will result in a double dribble turnover and a free throw for the other team. Other offensive infractions that result in a turnover include charging and setting an illegal screen.
Carrying the ball into the six-meter zone results either in ball possession by the goalkeeper by attacker or turnover by defender. Only the goalkeepers are allowed to move freely within the goal perimeter, although they may not cross the goal perimeter line while carrying or dribbling the ball.
Within the zone, they are allowed to touch the ball with all parts of their bodies, including their feet, with a defensive aim for other actions, they are subject to the same restrictions as the field players. The goalkeepers may participate in the normal play of their teammates. They may be substituted by a regular field player if their team elects to use this scheme in order to outnumber the defending players. Earlier, this field player become the designated goalkeeper on the court; and had to wear some vest or bib to be identified as such.
That shirt had to be equal in colour and form to the goalkeeper's shirt, to avoid confusion. A rule change meant to make the game more offensive now allows any player to substitute with the goalkeeper. The new rule resembles the one used in ice hockey. This rule was first used in the women's world championship in December and has since been used by the men's European championship in January and by both genders in the Olympic tournament in Rio in If either goalkeeper deflects the ball over the outer goal line, their team stays in possession of the ball, in contrast to other sports like football.
The goalkeeper resumes the play with a throw from within the zone "goalkeeper throw". Passing to one's own goalkeeper results in a turnover. In a penalty shot, throwing the ball against the head of a goalkeeper who is not moving risks a direct disqualification "red card". Outside of own D-zone, the goalkeeper is treated as a current field player, and has to follow field players' rules; holding or tackling an opponent player outside the area risks a direct disqualification.
Each team is allowed to have a maximum of four team officials seated on the benches. An official is anybody who is neither player nor substitute. One official must be the designated representative who is usually the team manager. Since , representatives can call up to 3 team timeouts up to twice per half , and may address the scorekeeper, timekeeper, and referees before that, it was once per half ; overtime and shootouts are considered extensions of the second half.
Other officials typically include physicians or managers. Neither official is allowed to enter the playing court without the permission of the referees. The ball is spherical and must be made either of leather or a synthetic material.
It is not allowed to have a shiny or slippery surface. As the ball is intended to be operated by a single hand, its official sizes vary depending on age and gender of the participating teams. The referees may award a special throw to a team. This usually happens after certain events such as scored goals, off-court balls, turnovers and timeouts.
All of these special throws require the thrower to obtain a certain position, and pose restrictions on the positions of all other players. Sometimes the execution must wait for a whistle blow by the referee. Penalties are given to players, in progressive format, for fouls that require more punishment than just a free-throw. Actions directed mainly at the opponent and not the ball such as reaching around, holding, pushing, tripping, and jumping into opponent as well as contact from the side, from behind a player or impeding the opponent's counterattack are all considered illegal and are subject to penalty.
Any infraction that prevents a clear scoring opportunity will result in a seven-meter penalty shot. Typically the referee will give a warning yellow card for an illegal action; but, if the contact was particularly dangerous, like striking the opponent in the head, neck or throat, the referee can forego the warning for an immediate two-minute suspension. A player can get only one warning before receiving a two-minute suspension. One player is only permitted two two-minute suspensions; after the third time, they will be shown the red card.